EO water was also more effective than electrolyzed reduced water, bleach, VegWash and DI water on pesticide removal. In addition, no significant colour or texture deterioration were found on produce samples treated with EO water. It was concluded, EO water can be very effective in pesticide residue removal from fresh produce without affecting the produce quality.
Qi H, Huang Q, Hung YC. Effectiveness of electrolyzed oxidizing water treatment in removing pesticide residues and its effect on produce quality. Food Chem. 2018 Jan 15;239:561-568. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.06.144. Epub 2017 Jun 28. PMID: 28873606.
Using EO or ER water to wash the vegetables did not affect the contents of Vitamin C, which inferred that the applications of EO or ER water to wash the vegetables would not result in loss of nutrition.
Pesticide residues on fresh spinach after 30 min of immersion in electrolyzed water reduced acephate by 74% (EO) and 86% (ER), omethoate by 62% (EO) and 75% (ER), DDVP by 59% (EO) and 46% (ER), respectively. The efficacy of using EO water or ER water was found to be better than that of using tap water or detergent (both were reduced by more than 25%).
Hao J, Wuyundalai, Liu H, Chen T, Zhou Y, Su YC, Li L. Reduction of pesticide residues on fresh vegetables with electrolyzed water treatment. J Food Sci. 2011 May;76(4):C520-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02154.x. PMID: 22420563.
It seems in near future electrolyzed water could be sold in stores for using as home sanitizer. The small electrolyzed water machines are also available which could be installed in restaurant and medicals offices for the sanitation and disinfection of contact surfaces and instruments.
The use of electrolyzed water for treating plant disease or in aquaculture for sanitizing and treating pathogenic microorganism can provide pesticide-free and drug-free fresh products for human consumption. Furthermore, electrolyzed water impacts on wound healing and its wound sanitation application have been approved, there are several companies that produce diluted hypochlorous acid for wound treatment.
It has become clear that electrolyzed water is one of the promising sanitizers for future, which can provide pesticide- and drug-free food products.
Siddiqui, Mohammed Wasim. Postharvest Disinfection of Fruits and Vegetables. London Academic Press. 2018.
It indicated that EW has sufficient obliterating efficacy on spoilage or pathogenic microorganisms, pesticide residues, and some insect pests existing on fruits and vegetables without compromising sensory and nutritional quality of them in most occasions.
Hao, J., Wang, Q. (2019). Application of Electrolyzed Water in Fruits and Vegetables Industry. In: Ding, T., Oh, DH., Liu, D. (eds) Electrolyzed Water in Food: Fundamentals and Applications. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-3807-6_4